We uploaded into the Inside Magic Library, the 1938 decision by the federal district trial court in the Southern District of New York dismissing Horace Goldin’s lawsuit against R.J. Reynold’s Tobacco for an injunction blocking their alleged exposure of Goldin’s trade secret for Sawing a Woman in Half. You can see the decision here.
The Court’s decision was correct — Goldin was wrong and apparently didn’t even appear for the hearing.
The Court buys R.J. Reynold’s defense that it did not take Goldin’s secret. The tobacco folks claimed they got their version of the secret by reading a book written by Inside Magic Favorite Author Walter B. Gibson.
We are publishing the decision to demonstrate an unfortunately frequent mistake of magicians. A patent only keeps others from making the exact same illusion — it cannot protect the secret or even the idea behind the secret.
Mr. Goldin also failed to understand what is meant by “Trade Secret.” This is still a common mistake made by magicians. True, one can protect trade secrets under US intellectual property law but a trade secret must be secret first and foremost.
The method of performing a magic trick is not a trade secret if it is known by others — even if it is known only by magicians. It may be a secret of the trade but that does not make it a trade secret.
A magician can protect a trade secret only if it is truly secret, he or she has taken the steps to protect the secret, and the person being sued had some agreement or contract with the magician to keep the secret. Unless there was an agreement between the parties or there was some sort of special relationship between the parties where a court could conclude all agreed the secret was to be kept, there is no basis for a lawsuit.